Every ten years the Office of National Statistics carries out a census to find out more about the population of England and Wales, and about the make-up of local authorities.

The most recent census took place on March 21, 2021 when the ONS asked millions of households to complete online forms.

Although the results of the 2021 census have not yet been released, we've taken a look at the 2001 and 2011 census and made some comparisons to see how things changed over the years.


Between census day 2001 and census day 2011, the number of 0 to 15-year-olds in Cumbria decreased by 9.2 per cent.

This was contrary to the national trend as the number of 0 to 15-year-olds across England and Wales increased by 0.9 per cent.

Although the number of 16 to 64 year-olds in Cumbria increased by 2.3 per cent during the decreased, the increase was lower than the national average.

The number of residents aged 65 and over increased by 15.2 per cent across Cumbria between 2001 and 2011, this increase was higher than the national average which was 11 per cent.

In Barrow, the biggest decrease was seen in the 0 to 15-year-old age bracket, which recorded -18 per cent.

However, in all districts across the county the number of residents aged 65 and over increased. The greatest increase was recorded in Eden at 24 per cent.

The 16 to 64 age bracket increase across four of the county's district. However, Barrow and South Lakes saw a decrease of -2.5 per cent and -0.7 per cent respectively.


The number of male residents increase across all but one Cumbrian district between 2001 and 2011.

Barrow recorded a decrease of 2.6 per cent in the male gender.

The greatest increase of males was seen in Carlisle with an increase of 7.7 per cent.

Numbers of female residents also increase in all districts except Barrow, where numbers fell by 5.4 per cent.

Again, the greatest increase was recorded in Carlisle with a rise of 5.8 per cent.


Between the two census days, the number of residents from BME groups increase substantially in Cumbria.

An increase of 85.2 per cent was recorded in Cumbria.

Carlisle and Eden recorded the greatest increases with 143.4 per cent and 104.1 per cent respectively.


Between 2001 and 2011, the number of Christian residents fell at a rate of -10.3 per cent.

The number of residents with a religion other than Christian, and the number of residents with no religion rose, with Cumbria experiencing a greater increase than he nation average in relation to both of these responses.

It was 76.1 per cent in relation with residents with a religion other than Christian and 100.8 per cent in relation to no religion.

For more information visit the ONS website here.